The word parquetry is derived from French word “parchet”, which means “small enclosed space”. Parquets were introduced in the year 1684 in France, to replace marble floors back then. The marble floors required regular washing, which began to rot the joists beneath. This began the ascent of parquets into homes of noblemen. Parquets enhanced the looks and added luxury and taste which only the affluent could afford. Slowly over time, the invention of machinery made it accessible to all.
What is Parquetry Flooring?
In the industry of flooring, ‘Parquet’ is a floor type that is made up of wooden strips or blocks. The strips then form a pattern thanks to its combinational placement. Parquets can also include inlays of other materials or wood types. The most common material used for parquetry flooring is oak. The exotic kinds include mahogany.
- The process of installing parquetry flooring mainly depends on the ground. The floor needs to be well-leveled. It is always wise to hire a professional parquetry flooring expert that understands the process well. The professional must also understand the sanding that is involved when installing the parquet. The next step here is to start with the process involving stripping of the wood. While stripping, however, care must be taken to follow the grain. This gets hard because the surface is totally made up of wooden blocks, all facing different directions.
- A really common flooring pattern is called ‘Herringbone’. The pattern is also simple and comes in a number of variations such as diagonal (square), single or double. There also exist different styles such as basket weave, bricks, chevron, and hexagon. The flooring is extremely popular in homes due to its durability and wonderful design patterns. The surface of the flooring also prevents scratches along with regular wear and tear as you maintain it well.
- Another aspect that draws admirers towards parquetry flooring is its aesthetic appeal. They are versatile and easy to customize. They are also available in thicknesses ranging between 14-19 millimeters. The flooring involves laying the planks individually and also building distinct patterns. Multiple types of timbers can also be used for different designs.
- Some popular varieties of designs are heritage, abbot, basket weave, brick bond and square. They are an upgrade over plywood, concrete, laminate, and timber. Parquetry flooring involves the creation of images based on wooden strip/block arrangements. The pattern can be geometrical in nature. Many confuse ‘parquetry’ with ‘marquetry’ – which is the addition of veneer to an already existing parquet surface. The image created through marquetry can be complemented by different materials made of wood.
What are the Types of Parquet Flooring?
They are divided into Engineered, which is created using more than one layer of hardwood; Solid – made of solid blocks of wood; and Parquet overlay – made from thinner wooden pieces and commonly set up on top of already existing floors.
They are also found in 3 different grades – Rustic, Select and Prime. Prime is of top most quality, select is the middle one and Rustic is the one which offers the most natural of aesthetics. The flooring is extremely durable and long-lasting.
Some common types of parquetry flooring which are commonly available are:
- Oakleaf Chevron
- Tasmanian Oak
- Grey Ironbark
- New England Oak
- Oakleaf Traditional Block
- Spotted Gum
- Sydney Blue Gum
- Tallow Wood
- Versailles French Panel
Parquetry is also used for floorings with furnishings. In actuality, both parquetry and marquetry are types of veneering. The difference being that parquetry creates geometric patterns while marquetry creates figural patterns such as landscapes.